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JUN€ IW3 
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F^aCAGING. HAf«>«NO;^fli^D TRANSPORTATION FOR 
A«€«*^OTI€AL mmjm^% systems, EOUlPMiNT 
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AMD ASSOCIATED CO£?OHESTS (National Dnclas 

:i^ Aeronaatlcs and Space Administration) 25 p 00/12 21250 



NATIONAL AIROHAUTICS AND SPACE A0MINiSTftATtON 



N84-75117 



REQUIKEMENTS 
FOR 
PACKAGING, HANDLING, AND TRANSPORTATION FOR 
AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SYSTEMS EQUIPMENT 
AND ASSOCIATED COMPONENTS 



June 1973 



KPROOUCED BV 

NATIONAL TECHNICAL 
INFORMATION SERVICE 

OS. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
SPRINGFIELD, VA. 22161 



NHB 6000. IB 



PREFACE 

Date: June 1973 



In order to establish packaging^ handling, and transportation practices ade- 
quate to maintain the reliability of NASA items and to achieve their damage - 
free delivery to the place and time of ultimate use, this publication: 

1. Prescribes NASA's general requirements for packaging and certain Zero- 
Damages -On- Delivery Program (see Appendix A) aspects of the handling 
and transportation process. 

2. Provides guidance for institutional packaging, handling, and transportation, 

S. Establishes the suppliers' responsibilities for packaging engineering, 
preservation, packaging, packing, container marking, and Zero-Damages- 
On- Delivery Program transportation and handling requirements for pro- 
gram critical and high cost items. 

4. Provides for supplier documentation of special design packaging proce- 
dures and of packaging, handling, and transportation for program critical 
and high cost items. 

The provisions of this publication: 

1. Are applicable to all NASA Installations. 

2. Shall be invoked, in whole or in part, in procurements involving packaging, 
handling, and transportation for which such coverage is appropriate. 

NASA Installations shall: 

1. Amend, when timely and within cost constraints, existing contracts to in- 
voke applicable requirements of this publication. 

2. Utilize this publication for guidance for in-house packaging and Zero- 
Damages^On- Delivery Program handling and transportation. 

3. Furnish copies of this publication in the quantities required to NASA con- 
tractors, subcontractors, and their vendors. 



For sale by the Superintendent of Doenments, V.S. Government Printing OlBce, Waihintrton, D.C., 20402 - Priee 50 cents 

Stock Number 3300-00626 



NASA contractors shall invoke the requirements of this publication in sub- 
contracts at every tier and purchase orders, as appropriate. 

Questions concerning application of this publication to specific procurements 
shall be referred to the procuring NASA installation or its designated repre- 
sentative. 

Copies of this publication are available from the Superintendent of Documents, 
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. 



^.(pJu 



R. H. Curtin 

Director, Office of Facilities 



DISTRIBUTION: 
SDL l(SIQ) 



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TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Par . Page 

CHAPTER 1: BASIC PRINCIPLES 

100 Scope 1-1 

101 Applicable Documents 1-2 

lOZ Deviation and Waiver Requests 1-2 

103 Policy 1-2 

CHAPTER 2: SUPPLIER PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS 

200 Selection of Packaging 2-1 

201 Special Design Packaging 2-1 

202 Packaging Data 2-1 

203 Environmental Analysis 2-2 

204 Packaging and Packing of Dangerous Materials. 2-3 

205 Kits (Parts and Modifications) 2-4 

206 Weight and Cube 2-4 

207 Reuseable Containers 2-4 

208 Reuse of Packaging Materials and Containers 2-4 

209 Disassembly 2-5 

210 Matchmarking 2-5 

211 Marking. 2-5 

212 Testing 2-6 

CHAPTER 3: SUPPLIER SPECIAL HANDLING AND 
TRANSPORTATION REQUIREMENTS 

300 Classes of Shipping and Handling 3-1 

301 Packaging, Handling, and Transportation Record (PHTR) or 

Equivalent Information (EI) 3-1 

302 Approval of PHTRs or EI 3-1 

303 NASA Critical Item Label 3-1 

304 Monitoring Devices for Class III Shipment. . 3-1 

305 Transportation Planning 3-2 

306 Restraining System.s 3-2 

307 Surveillance of Transportation and Handling 3-2 

APPENDIXES 

Appendix A: Definitions a- 1 

Appendix B: PHTR Preparation Instructions. b-1 

Appendix C: Applicable Documents c-1 

iii 



CHAPTER 1: BASIC PRINCIPLES 

100 SCOPE 

1. This publication defines general requirements for preservation, 
packaging, packing, nnarking, handling, transportation, and related 
data and documentation pertaining to all NASA procured software 
and hardware items. For the purposes of this publication the defi- 
nitions in Appendix A shall apply. 

2. a. Since the requirements of this publication are general guide- 

lines, it does not supersede detailed NASA approved preser- 
vation, packaging, marking, handling, and transportation speci- 
fications or procedures to the extent they are in irreconcilable 
conflict; nor will this publication, or a requirement herein, 
be applicable if it is made expressly inapplicable. This publi- 
cation m.ay be used as part of, or as a supplement to, other 
approved specifications or procedures. For example, appro- 
priate paragraphs of this publication may be incorporated by 
reference in a contract to spell out the obligations of the parties 
with respect to dangerous items, NASA Critical Itenn labeling, and 
special packaging, handling, and transportation data for program 
critical and high cost items. 

b. When this publication is to be incorporated contractually by ref- 
erence, the procurem.ent documents shall cite its title and date 
and, if desired, specific. direction as follows: 

(1) Level of preservation and packaging and level of packing to 
be applied (see par. 200). 

(2) Listing of items requiring a Packaging, Handling, and Trans- 
portation Record (see par. 301). 

(3) Specific directions and authorization for application and use 
of monitoring devices (see par. 304). 

3. Specifications and procedures for preservation, packaging, packing, 
marking, handling, transportation, and related data and documenta- 
tion shall be compatible with this publication, except to the extent 
a deviation or waiver is approved in accordance with paragraph 102 
herein. The mere citation of this publication or the mere incor- 
poration by reference of this publication, or a part thereof, does not 
constitute compliance with any other applicable requirement that 
detailed or specific provisions be provided or stated in a particular 
document. 



1-1 



101 APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS 

For documents referenced in this Handbook, see Appendix C. 

102 DEVIATION AND WAIVER REQUESTS 

Technical changes, deviations, or waivers sought by the contractor 
from any requirement of this publication which is included in a con- 
tract shall be requested from, and approved in writing by, the con- 
tracting officer or his designated NASA representative. 

103 POLICY 

1. GENERAL 

Preservation, packaging, and packing shall comply with the basic 
NASA objective of achieving adequate protection of the contained 
items at minimum cost. However, exception is granted for items 
defined as program critical. While nonessential refinements should 
be avoided, the protection afforded these items must not be mar- 
ginal. 

2' PACKAGING, HANDLING fc TRANSPORTATION RELIABILITY 

Retention of itemi reliability shall be a major consideration in the 
developm.ent or selection of packaging, handling, and transportation 
approaches and throughout their implementation. 



1-2 



CHAPTER 2: SUPPLIER PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS 

200 SELECTION OF PACKAGING 

1. Levels of preservation and packaging and the levels of packing to 
be applied selectively are defined in Appendix A and are mandatory 
for use, 

2. Selection of the levels of packaging and packing to be applied shall be 
the responsibility of the contractor, unless levels are specified by 
the procuring activity. Selection shall depend on the modes of trans- 
port, environmiental control, the conditions and length of storage, 
and the anticipated requirennents for redistribution. General guidance 
on standardized packaging approaches is available in DSAM 4145.2. 

3. When Level A or Level B packaging and/or packing is selected, 
the protective process, materials, and containers shall be in ac- 
cordance with the requirements of Standard MIL-STD-794. Guid- 
ance in selection is set forth in Appendix D to that document. 
National Aerospace Standards {ref. NAS 850 and 851) maybe con- 
sidered for Level B application where the standard meets the 
requirements of that level. 

4. National Aerospace Standards (ref. NAS 850 and 851) merit con- 
sideration as guidance for accomplishment of Level C preservation 
and/or packing. 

201 SPECIAL DESIGN PACKAGING 

For those items possessing characteristics requiring special design 
packaging, the contractor shall develop the necessary designs, main- 
tain packaging engineering data in sufficient detail to permit neces- 
sary review, implement the packaging specified therein, and prepare 
PHTR's or EI (see par. 302), as required. 

202 PACKAGING DATA 

Packaging data is reqviired only for special design packaging and for 
those items for which PHTR's or EI (see par. 301) are required. If data 
is coded, the codes of MIL-STD-726 shall be used. Contractor pack- 
aging data forms may be used unless otherwise specified in the con- 
tract. Submission and approval shall be in accordance with the contract 
Data Requirements List, or as otherwise authorized in the contract or 
by written direction of the contracting officer. Approval of special 
design packaging data shall be obtained before any shipment of the item. 

2-1 



203 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS 

1. The preservation, packaging, packing, and shipping techniques applied 
shall insure protection of the contained item against the natural 
and induced environments to which it may be subjected. Analysis of 
these hazards is essential prior to item design and development of 
the packaging and shipping techniques to be applied. The contractor 
shall insure that design engineering communicates item fragility and 
sensitivity data to packaging engineering, line packaging, and trans- 
portation personnel, as soon as feasible. 

2. The contractor's packaging and transportation engineers and/or tech- 
nicians should participate in equipment design efforts from the earli- 
est stages. They should identify the ground handling, transport, and 
storage environment requirements, including protection from contin- 
gency or emergency environments where the hazard analysis indi- 
cates that facility/carrier protection is more practical, reliable, or 
cost effective than providing the same protection by packaging/ packing 
design; prepare or identify testing programs; prepare packaging and 
transportation data for use in management's configuration documents; 
and perform such other functions in the design effort as may be 
necessary or proper. 

3. The hazard analysis shallincludetrade-off considerations of the class 
of shipping and handling, probability of a loss, the cost and schedule 
impact of loss, and cost of facility/ carrier protection against a con- 
tingency vs. cost of packaging/ packing protection. The following 
phases shall be considered: 

a. In-plant storage, handling, and local transportation conditions 
and environments, both normally anticipated and contingency due 
to such emergencies as natural disasters, fires, spillage, and 
other accidents. 

b. In-transit modes, normal and contingency environments. 

c. Receiving, redistribution, handling, and storage conditions at 
the destination installation, range, test or launch facility includ- 
ing normal and contingency environments. 

General guidance on transportation environments is available in 
the following documents: 

NASA - MSFC MR 1262 Manual, Design Criteria for Shock 

and Vibration (Transportation) 

MIL-HDBK-304 Military Standardization Handbook, 

Package Cushioning Design (see 
also MIL-STD-810 and FED- TEST- 
METHOD- STD No. 101). 



2-2 



204 PACKAGING AND PACKING OF DANGEROUS MATERIALS 

1. The packaging and packing of dangerous materials shall be in ac- 
cordance with the General Provisions and the Safety Provisions of 
the contract and this publication. Applicable provisions of the 
Department of Transportation and Atom.ic Energy Commission 
Rules and Regulations for the Transportation of Explosives and 
Other Dangerous Articles (10 CFR Part 71, 14 CFR Part 103, 46 
CFR Parts 146-149, 49 CFR 170-189), Tariff #12, Uniform Freight 
Classification Rules, the National Motor Freight Classification 
Rules, and rules and regulations of affected states and municipali- 
ties shall be complied with. All items offered for m,ilitary airlift 
shall be processed in accordance with the requirements of AFM 
71-4 (DSAM 4145.3). The contractor shall com.ply with the following: 

a. Properly prepare for shipm.ent and secure solid propellant 
rocket naotors in the propulsive state (see Tariff #19 listed 
under Appendix C). 

b. Protect against electro- static discharge. All items which are 
subject to ignition or detonation by electro- static discharge and 
items which are subject to degradation or damage therefrom 
(e.g., field-effect transistors or thin film resistors) and which 
are to be packaged in bags or wraps naanufactured from MIL-F- 
22191, MIL- B- 121, MIL- B- 131, or other inadequately conductive 
plastic- coated barrier material, shall be wrapped individually 
in properly conductive material. A DD Form 1387-2 (ref, MIL- 
STD-129) bearing the following notation shall be affixed to each 
unit package: 

WARMNG 

Contents subject to ignition, detonation, or degradation by electro- 
static discharge. Ground inner conductive wrapping before and 
during removal from this package. 

2. Shrouds or covers used to protect unpackaged items which are 
subject to such ignition, detonation, or degradation also shall be 
of conductive material and shall be groxinded during installation 
and removal of the shroud or cover and during transportation, re- 
ceiving, and storage. When applied to such shrouds or covers, the 
form specified above shall bear the following notation: 

WARNING 

Ground this cover/shroud during installation and removal and during 
transportation, receiving, and storage. 

3. The DD Forms 1387-2, annotated with the warnings prescribed above, 
do not take precedence over or serve in lieu of requirements speci- 
fied in applicable tariffs. 

4. Contractors are authorized to use commercially available conduc- 
tive anti- static material or non-ferrous metallic shielding. The con- 
ductive anti- static material shall be made from a homogenous anti- 
static resin mix and shall have a naaximum surface resistivity of 

2-3 



1 X lO*-^ ohms when tested per American Society for Testing Mate- 
rials Method D257-66, It shall meet the contact corrosivity require- 
naents of Specification MIL- F- 22191. 

5. Protect against radioactive materials. The packaging o£ radiation 
sources is governed by Department of Transportation Regulations 
(49 CFR Parts 170-189 and 14 CFR Part 103) and Atomic Energy 
Commission Regulation (10 CFR Part 71). Further guidance is con- 
tained in Specification MIL- E- 17555, "Preparation for Delivery of 
Electronic and Electrical Equipment and Associated Repair Parts." 

205 KITS (PARTS AND MODIFICATIONS) 

Preservation, packaging, and packing of kits (parts and modifications) 
shall be in accordance with Standard MIL-STD- 794, Appendix E. The sup- 
plier's standard packages and packs which meet the requirements for 
Level C (see Appendix A) nnay be used for shipments for immediate use. 

206 WEIGHT AND CUBE 

Accomplished packs shall be as simple as possible and of minimum tare 
weight and cube consistent with the protection required. Consolidation 
containers and pallets shall be used as proper to reduce multiple han- 
dling; however, items bearing the NASA critical item label (NASA 
Form 1368) shall not be commingled with noncritical items in any 
container. When the gross weight of the individual pack or consolida- 
tion container exceeds 100 poxinds, or the cube exceeds 10 cubic feet, 
use of skids or pallets should be considered. 

207 REUSEABLE CONTAINERS 

Reuseable containers are those which are designed to provide adequate 
protection when reused for return shipments and/or throughout several 
shipping cycles or sequences. Reuseable containers shall be considered 
for all items which require periodic shipment to and return from repair 
activities and where adequate provisions to control the containers make 
reuse economical. The quantities of reuseable containers authorized 
shall be the minimum essential to meet anticipated pipeline needs. 
The contractor shall identify reuseable containers as to itetn, provide 
recoopering and repair as required and econonaically justified, and 
provide storage to insure their maintenance in serviceable condition 
and availability for use. The container specifications issued by the Air 
Transport Association (ATA) merit consideration for application to 
air shipping cycles. Information concerning these specifications is 
available from the ATA, 1000 Connecticut Ave., N.W., Washington, 
D.C. 20036. 

208 REUSE OF PACKAGING MATERIALS AND CONTAINERS 

Packaging materials and containers should be considered for reuse to 
maximum extent. The determination for reuse should be based on 
the quality condition of the material, the economics of storage and 
handling of the used material, and the incidence of usage anticipated. 

2-4 



209 DISASSEMBLY 

Disassembly of major comiponents to facilitate packaging or to provide 
more effective procedures is permissable if specified. Normally, 
comiponents shall remain assembled, particularly where reassennbly 
at destination woiold require special tools or equipment. Efforts should 
be m.ade to secure assembly hardware to one of the mating parts where 
disassembly is accom.plished. 

210 MATCHMARKING 

When necessary to facilitate reassembly or repackaging, removed parts 
shall be matchnnarked. Tags used for matchmarking shall conJEorm 
to Type A of Specification UU-T-81. Tags shall be over sprayed with 
a material conforming to Specification MIL- V- 13811 and then secured to 
the item so as to offer no interference with reassembly. 

211 MARKING 

1. Marking of unit packages, intermediate packages, and exterior 
shipping containers shall be in accordance with the applicable re- 
quirennents of Standard MrL.-STD-lZ9 and this publication. 

2. Items designated as Class I, Class II, or Class III (see Appendix A) 
shall carry the NASA Critical Item Label (see par. 303). A label 
shall be affixed to each side, end, and top of the container; how- 
ever, one label may be omitted if it interferes with other marking. 
Drunns shall be marked with a label on the top and on opposite sides. 

3. The shelf life terminal date and the preservation expiration date 
shall be marked on the unit and intermediate containers (ref. Fed- 
eral Property Management Regulations, Subpar. 101-27.2). 

4. DANGEROUS MATERIALS 

Marking and/or labeling of dangerous materials shall be in accord- 
ance with pertinent Federal, State, coionty, and mxonicipal regtila- 
tions (see Appendix C), with procedures cited within this publica- 
tion, and with other applicable provisions of the contract. All 
interior packages and shipping containers for articles and materials 
classified as "Dangerous" or "Restricted" iinder provisions of 
Department of Transportation, Civil Aeronautics Board, U.S. Coast 
Guard Regulations, or DSAM 4145.3 (AFM 71-4, TM 38-250, 
NAVWEPS 15-03-500, MCO P4030.19) shallbemarked--regardless of 
exemption for mode of transportation- -with the proper shipping 
name of the item, with the flash point for all liquids having a flash 
point of 101 degree F. or below, and with the percentage of con- 
centration of acids and corrosive liquids. In addition, the quantity 
of each dangerous or restricted material included in a container 
shall be noted adjacent to the shipping name of the item, e.g., 
Acetic Acid (80% concentration)- -one quart. This marking should 
provide the net weight of explosives contained in each interior and 
shipping container. 

2-5 



212 TESTING 



1. Testing of packages, packaging methods, materials, and packs 
shall be in accordance with the requirements of the specifications 
or standards selected. Where such specific guidance is not pro- 
vided, tests shall be performed as specified in Standard MIL- 
STD-794, Appendix C. 

2. All special design packaging documentation shall include appro- 
priate procedures for testing. The contractor shall utilize stand- 
ardized packaging testing techniques (i.e., MIL,-P-Il6 and FED 
TEST METHOD STANDARD- 101 ) for gviidance in development of 
testing requirements and criteria. The contractor shall insure that 
such special testing data is included in quality assurance plans, 
procedures, test plans, specifications, and reports, as required by 
the contract. 

3. Preproduction tests are designed to prove the adequacy of the pres- 
ervation, blocking, bracing, and cushioning for protecting the item, 
(ref. MIL-STD-794, Appendix C). The contractor shall be responsible 
for designation of packages and packs requiring preproduction tests. 
Testing normally should be considered for special design packages 
(see par. 201) only. Preproduction testing will not be required when: 

a. The contractor has data or other evidence to indicate that prior 
successful preproduction tests were conducted and are accepted 
by the contracting officer as equivalent to those now proposed. 

b. The packaged item, has been subjected to similar tests as a part of 
other testing programs. 

c. The container for a specific item of equipment is developed \inder 
an end item, specification- -with engineering and testing approval 
through configuration management procedures and reviews. 

d. Detailed packaging instructions are imposed by the procuring 
activity. 



2-6 



CHAPTER 3: SUPPLIER HANDLING AND 

TRANSPORTATION REQUIREMENTS 

300 CLASSES OF SHIPPING AND HANDLING 

Classes of shipping and handling are defined in Appendix A and shall 
apply to equipment, components, and associated parts. 

301 PACKAGING, HANDLING, AND TRANSPORTATION RECORD (PHTR) 

1. A Packaging, Handling, and Transportation Record (PHTR) or Equiva- 
lent Inform.ation (EI) shall be developed from engineering data 
(see par. 203) and packaging data (see par. 202) for each Class I 
(program critical and/or high cost) item (see Figure 1). 

2. Procedures shall be effected to ensure that changes in packaging 
data and handling and transportation methods and criteria are re- 
flected in amended or revised PHTRs or EI in a timely manner. 
The PHTR or EI, when reproduced, shall not be altered in size or 
content. 

302 APPROVAL OF PHTRs OR EI 

The PHTR or EI shall be submitted and approved as directed by the Data 
Requirements List. Approval of the PHTR or EI normally will be ob- 
tained from the transportation officer of the procuring location and 
the designated representative of the procuring project/center. Shipment 
shall not be effected without this approval. Procedures for interim 
approval in emergency cases shall be as authorized by the procuring 
activity. 

303 NASA CRITICAL ITEM LABEL 

The contractor shall insure that the NASA critical item label is promi- 
nently displayed on the exterior of all Class I, Class II and Class III 
interior packages and exterior shipping containers to alert all shipping 
and handling personnel to the criticality of the item to the NASA effort. 
Its use will assure special handling by carrier, receiving and storage 
personnel who have been oriented in the Zero- Damages -On- Delivery 
Prograna. This label may be obtained from the procuring activity in 
the following sizes: 

1. NASA Form 1368 4 by 8 inches 

2. NASA Form 1368A 3 by 6 inches 

3. NASA Form 1368B 2 by 3 1/2 inches 

304 MONITORING DEVICES FOR CLASS JB. SHIPMENT 

Where application of a monitoring device has been recommended and 
its use authorized, such device shall be of a type and nature which will 
detect or provide a permanent indication that the packaged contents 

3-1 



have been subjected to adverse conditions (such as temperature, shock, 
or moisture) that could impair their ability to perform their intended 
function in a satisfactory manner. Monitoring devices shall be installed 
in a nn.anner that will permit their observation and inspection with a mini- 
muna of assembly or dissasembly of the container. The location of 
the device shall be marked prominently on the exterior container. 

305 TRANSPORTATION PLANNING 

1. PLANNING 

Modes of shipment shall be in accordance with transportation or 
logistics support plans inaplemented under the contract. When such 
direction is not available, the mode that shall be employed is one 
that provides reliable protection to the critical and high cost items 
involved and takes into account the time schedule and cost. The con- 
tractor shall establish and implement procedures for the control of 
premium transportation, e.g., special mission airlift, chartered 
aircraft, exclusive use of carrier equipment, unusual and excessive 
accessorial charges, etc. 

2. DATA 

When requested, transportation data for items requiring special 
design transportation and/or handling equipment or special com- 
mercial carrier or Government services, shall be submitted in 
accordance with the contract Data RequiremLents List (DRL). Con- 
tractors 's fornaat may be used unless otherwise specified. Approval 
shall be as specified on the DRL or as otherwise authorized in the 
contract or by written direction of the contracting officer. Ap- 
proval shall be obtained before any shipment of the item.. 

306 RESTRAINING SYSTEMS 

For highway, air, rail, and marine shipments, itenris in their shipping 
configuration and skidded or wheeled equipment shall be provided with 
tiedown and/or lifting provisions commensurate with their size and 
weight. Additional safety measures may be required and should be con- 
sidered during the design of the restraining system because of pecu- 
liarities of the cargo, carrier safety considerations, or accident ef- 
fects, specially where dangerous materials are involved. 

307 SURVEILLANCE OF TRANSPORTATION AND HANDLING 

The contractor is responsible for maintaining surveillance over each 
class of shipment and shall insure neccesary coordination with the trans- 
portation officer of the procuring activity, with carrier representa- 
tives, and with transportation officials at destination to accomplish 
the following: 

1. Insure that inspection has been performed prior to shipment- -in- 
cluding verification of compliance with PHTR's, or EI, 

3-2 



2. Insure the preferred utilization of carriers participating in the Zero- 
Damages -On- Delivery Program, and certified by NASA Headquarters 
as qualified to meet program standards. 

3. Insure that NASA critical item labels have been affixed to the ship- 
ping containers for Class I, II, and III items. 

4. Insure that shipment routing or routing requests include special 
handling and monitoring instructions, as required, and provide 
necessary notification to in- route transfer agents. 

5. Provide advance shipping and handling information to all respon- 
sible activities, as required. 

6. Arrange for escort or courier services, as required. 

7. Insure compliance with transportation, preservation, packaging, 
handling, and logistics plans. 

8. Provide PHTRs or EI for program critical and high cost items to 
destination transportation officers to insure proper receiving, 
damage-free handling and storage, and essential protection through 
redistribution up to final use. 

9. Insure for Class IV items the most advantageous commercial 
transportation practice which is in the best interest of the Govern- 
ment. 

10, Provide transportation officers originating shipments and the pro- 
curing installation transportation officers with immediate advice 
concerning losses in transit or handling, due to inadequate pack- 
aging protection or failure to effect prescribed transportation and 
handling. 



3-3 



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I. RCCeRD «CNI*l.NO< 

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a. DATl 

1-3- 



HATIONAL AtROHAUTICS AHD SPACE ADMINISTRATION 

PACKACIWC. HANDLIMG TRANSPORTATION RECQRO (PHTR) 



9. NOMENCUATURC 

Solid Rocket Motor 



4. PART NO. 

NM-12345A 



7. CONTRACT NO. 

SC-P-123 



(. PURCHASE OROER NO. 

N/A 



PRtSERVATIOH, PACKACINC. AND PACKIMC 



14. HANDLING TRANSPORTATION CONSTRAINTS 



n. ITEM be- 

SCRIPTION 



a. LCNOTH 

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d. NET WEIOHT 

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b. moTH 

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C. HEi«HT 

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f. FINISH 

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12. PRESERVATION i]a-3 Spot humldlty ind. 

Q] O. METHOD PER MlfP-l IS □ b. OTHER OPBna i olefin 



IS. QUANTITV PER UNIT PACK 

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14. UNIT WRAPS 

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17. INTERMEDIATe CONTAINER 
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IS. CONTAINER TVPE _ _„ 

(1) Slotted angle crate - M[I>C-9897; 
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19. SHIPPIMO COWTAmen OATUdfaddillaaal space it nujuired. use ium 27) 

~ ~ ' "» CUBBfCu. ft.) 



a, FT. 

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b. IN. 

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as. CLASS OF SHIP- 
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PAGES 



S. FEDERAL STOCK NUMBER 

N/A 



S. ORAWINQ NO. 



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C. TEMPERATURE 



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q. OTHER 



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MONITOntMO METHOD 



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«S. SPECIAL HANDLING INSTRUCTIONS (Specify details where applicable) 

OP a INPLANT MOVEMENT -SpSCial, dOlly 

Ob. INPLANT STORASE < r»r> 

Kic TRANSPORTATION ff«ii«iiwP4D; - 866 Traus. Flan-NM-T-123 

cs3d. oNsiTE STORAGE - Iflside storBge 

Kje. DM..TE MOVEMENT - Shock Hjltlgated — see Note 6 

E3«. OTHER - Ground during transport 



». MODE OF SHIPPING 



a. PRIMARY 

Air 



b. ALTERNATE 

Air-ride Van 



27. ADDITIONAL NOTES, SKETCHES. SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS, QUALITY CONTROL RE- 

il. '^§lnIe¥l'*§reer'iaf^rnSn':fIB4'?^lass 

2. Critical FragUity - no dents , . . ^ ^. 

3. NASA Form 1368; Grounding directions for Antistatic 
Barrier (DD Form 1387-2). 

4. Special clean lAW MSPC-STD-164 

5. Exposure outside limits - 8 hours 

6. Shock criteria - longitudinal l.Og; lateral .5g; vertical .5g. 



as. PACKASINS DATA SUBMITTED BY 



SO. PREPARING ACTIVITY APPROVAL^SItimtiir*^ 



2B. CHECKED BY 



SI. TRANSPORTATIONOFFICIALCS^IMtsre^ 



S». PROeURINO ACTIVITY APPROVAL fS(#Ila«llfe> 



>S. LOCATION 



sc 



S4. TEL. NO. 



2-5-69 



NASA FORM 1426 sep ss 



ero SSI -322 



APPENDIX A: DEFINITIONS 

Classes of Shipping and Handling : Class I, Class n. Class III, or Class IV 
shipping and handling categories are defined as follows: 

Class I: Program critical and high cost items which, in the event of 
loss, damage, or delay in shipment, woxild seriously affect the pro- 
gram. (See "Program Critical Item" this Appendix.) 

Class 11: Delicate or sensitive itenas not covered by Class I or Class 
in. These items are those that are damaged readily by improper 
handling. 

Class ni: Items requiring special handling and monitoring. Class III 
items require a courier or monitoring instrumentation. 

Class IV: Those items that can be transported or handled through the 
use of normal commercial transportation. 

Data Requirements Descriptions (DRD) ; Technical and management informa- 
tion specifications which provide instructions and/or formats for the prepara- 
tion and presentation of technical data and reports required by the contract 
Data Requirements List. 

Data Reqmrements List (DRL) ; A listing of the technical inform.ation and re- 
ports required for a contract including submittal and approval criteria and 
instruction. 

High Cost Item : An item costing $25,000 or more, 

Interm.ediate Package; Container which contains two or more unit packages 
of identical items. 

Levels of Preservation and Packaging are defined as follows : 

Level A: Preservation and packaging which will afford adequate pro- 
tection against corrosion, deterioration, and physical damage during 
shipment, handling, indeterminate storage, and worldwide redistribu- 
tion. 

Level B: Preservation and packaging which will afford adequate pro- 
tection against corrosion, deterioration, and physical dam.age during 
nnultiple reshipment, handling, and known storage conditions for period 
normally not exceeding one year. 

Level C: Preservation and packaging which will afford adequate pro- 
tection against corrosion, deterioration, and damage during shipment 
from supply source to the first receiving activity for immediate use, 

a-1 



Levels of Packing are defined as follows : 

Level A: Packing which will afford adequate protection during shipment, 
handling, indeterminate storage, and worldwide redistribution. 

Level B: Packing which will afford adequate protection against multi- 
ple domestic shipments and covered storage. 

Level C: Packing which will afford protection against damage during 
direct shipment from the supply source to the first receiving activity 
for immediate use. 

Marking ; The application or use of marks, symbols, and addresses for pur- 
poses of guiding or directing the safe handling and shipping of packaged items. 

NASA Critical Item Label : A standardized, distinctive label prominently dis- 
played on the exterior of all Class I, Class II, and Class HI interior packages 
and exterior shipping containers. The purpose of the label is to alert all 
shipping and handling personnel to the criticality of the itemi to the space 
effort. (See par. 303). 

Packaging ; Application or use of adequate protective measures to prevent 
damage from physical hazards (including probabilistic considerations of 
externally caused fires, external spills, Tonusually environmental conditions, 
transportation accidents, etc.) during transportation and storage, including 
application of packages and wraps, cushioning, and conaplete identification 
marking of unit and intermediate containers. It is used also in the complete 
operation- -preservation, packaging, packing, and marking. 

Packaging, Handling, and Transportation Record (PHTR) : NASA Form 1426 
(Figure 1) defines the specific levels and nmeans of preservation, packaging, 
packing, marking, handling, and shipping instructions for program critical 
and high cost items. 

Packing: The final placement of items or packages in exterior shipping con- 
tainers or other media, including necessary blocking, bracing, cushioning, 
weatherproofing, exterior strapping, and marking. 

Preservation: Application or use of adequate protective measures to prevent 
deterioration from environmental hazards, including, as applicable, the use 
of appropriate cleaning and drying methods, preservatives, and wrapping for 
protection from chem.ical danger. 

Program. Critical Item : An item of equipment or a part for which the lack 
of immediate issue on- call at the demand source would affect adversely 
progrann/project schedules, safety, or reliability. 

Special Design Packaging : That packaging which is to be usedfor those item.s 
possessing characteristics which require specially designed packaging, 
cushioning, blocking and bracing,, and/or specially designed containers to 
provide the necessary protection. The naethods or techniques of application 
are so conaplex or unusual that standard descriptions are inadequate, and 



additional data is required to describe and/or to depict them and require 
the approval of a packaging engineer/ specialist. Special design packaging 
includes items which present: 

1. Special handling, packaging, or transportation problems because 
of restrictive shock or vibration characteristics; or 

2. A requirement for special environmental control; or 

3. A requiremient for maintenance within special or critical pressure 
or temperature limits; or 

4. A requirement for specialized container design, special handling 
devices, fixtures, or monitoring devices; or 

5. A requirement to meet special conditions and durations of storage. 

Transportation Official: The official assigned the central responsibilities for 
implementing the shipping and handling functions. 

Unit Package : The first tie, wrap, or container applied to a single item or 
several items of the same identifying number or nomenclature or a group of 
items included under one identifying numiber or nomenclature which involves 
a complete or identifiable package. 

Zero- Damages -On- Delivery (ZDOD) Program: A program to provide an extra 
degree of care in the packaging, transportation, and handling of program 
critical and high cost items throughout production, in-plant handling, ship- 
ment, receipt, redistribution, and destination- site operations. The Program 
applies to contractor operations in-plant and at test or launch sites, to com- 
mercial or government carriage, and to NASA's in- house transportation, 
handling, and storage. 



a- 3 



APPENDIX B: DEFINITIONS AND INSTRUCTIONS FOR 
PACKAGING, HANDLING, AND TRANSPORTATION 
RECORD (PHTR) PREPARATION 

The following definitions and instructions identified by space numbers apply- 
to preparation of the PHTR shown as Figure 1. 

1. Record Serial Number — The control nujnber assigned by the 
activity that prepares the PHTR/ EI. 

2. Date -- The calendar date the PHTR/EI was originated. 

3. Nom.enclature -- Nomenclature as it appears on the part, drawing, 
or definition. 

4. Part Number -- The number that identifies the part, 

5. Federal Stock Number (F5N) -- The eleven digit number assigned 
to the item (if an FSN exists). 

6. Vendor/Contractor Name -- The name of the organization that 
manufactures the item. 

7. Contract Number __ The number assigned to the contract. 

8. Purchase Order Num.ber -- The procuring activity purchase order 
number (if handled by purchase order). 

9. Drawing Num.be r -- The engineering drawing num.ber of the item 
being packaged, 

10. Levels of Preservation, Packaging, and Packing — The applicable 
level of preservation, packaging, and packing as described in this 
Handbook, Special packaging (other than levels specified in this 
Handbook) is indicated by checking the "Other" box and specifying 
special requirements in space provided. An "X" inserted in or 
beside the appropriate box shall indicate the level of preservation 
and packaging; an "O" shall indicate the level of packing. 

11. Item Description -- The length, width, height, net weight, material 
and surface finish of the item to be packaged. 

12. Option 1, Preservation, Packaging, and Packing -- Method of pres- 
ervation, packaging, and packing conforming either to a specified 
method described in Specification MIL-P-116; appropriate indus- 
trial/commericial standard, e.g., Aerospace Standard NAS- 850; or 
special method as described. 

b-1 



13. Quantity Per Unit Container -- The number of units (e.g., each, 
set, gallon, etc.) to be packaged in the first or unit container, 

14. Unit Wraps -- Usually the first or intimate protection given to the 
item. Use approved specifications or other procuring activity ap- 
proved material. 

15. Cushioning/Dunnage -- The cushioning/dunnage type and applicable 
specification or other description. 

16. Unit Container -- The type, material, specification, or descrip- 
tion (e.g., wrap, bag, box, etc.). 

17. Intermediate Container -- The number of unit containers to be 
packed in one intermediate container and the type of intermediate 
container used. The use of intermediate containers is not manda- 
tory, 

18. Option 2, Preservation, Packaging, and Packing -- This is an 
Electronic Data Processing (EDP) application of blocks 12 through 
17 above. The applicable code of Standard MIL-STD-726 should be 
entered if this option is used. 

19. Shipping Container Type — The exterior pack that contains the 
intermediate or tinit container and provides protection to the items 
during shipment. The shipping container naay be \mder sonae con- 
ditions, the unit container, 

20. Shipping Container Data -- Show length, width, and depth to the 
nearest inch, cube to the nearest cubic foot, and gross weight to the 
nearest pound. 

21. Marking -- Indicate in appropriate box or boxes whether 
MIL-STD-129 and/or other marking is applicable. Additional space 
is provided under item 27 if special marking information is re- 
quired, 

22. Shelf Life -- The expiration date of shelf life of the item. If more 
than one item., and dates differ, use earliest date, 

23. Class of Shipment — The class of shipment as specified in this 
Handbook. 

24. Handling, Transportation Constraints, Levels, and Monitoring 
Methods -- The constraints (special controls) levied on the item 
of supply that requires special monitoring (such as shock forces, 
temperature, flashpoint, etc.). State the number, location, and type 
of monitoring device and if instrumentation is required. Additional 
space is provided under item 27 if special handling information is 
reqmred, 

25. Special Handling Instructions -- The special handling instructions, 
including handling in-plant, at receiving stations, during on-site 
storage, in transit, and at destination. If special unpacking proce- 
dures are required, they shall be reflected in this block. Also note 
in this block if a special protective container is required in addi- 
tion to that provided by the item pack. 



b.2 



26. Mode of Shipment -- The primary and alternate, if possible, modes 
of shipment. 

27. Additional Notes -- Attach additional sheets, as required, covering 
detailed instructions, diagrams, quality assurance requirements 
and drawings that cannot be shown in the space provided. 

28. Packaging Data Submitted By -- The legible signature of the origi- 
nator of the PHTR. This is normally a contractor packaging engi- 
neer who submits the data, 

29. Checked By -- The legible signature of the individual who verifies 
the PHTR/ EI. 

30. Preparing Activity Approval Signature -- The legible signature of 
the individual responsible for final approval of the data developed 
for the item covered by the PHTR. This signature verifies approval 
by the preparing activity organizations responsible for design, 
preservation, packaging, packing, shipping, and handling. 

31. Transportation Official Signature -- The legible signature of the 
procuring center transportation official. 

32. Procuring Activity Approval Signature -- The legible signature of 
the procuring activity representative who is responsible for the 
final approval of the PHTR. 

33. Location -- The physical location of the individxial shown in 
item. 32. 

■^4' Telephone -- The telephone nunaber of the individual shown in 
item 32. 

35. Date -- The calendar date the PHTR/EI is approved by the indi- 
vidual shown in item 32. 



b-3 



APPENDIX C: APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS 



The documents listed in this Appendix form a part of this publication to the 
extent specified. Unless otherwise indicated, the issue in effect on date of 
invitation for bids or request for proposals shall apply. Unless otherwise 
indicated, copies may be obtained through or as directed by the contracting 
officer. 



1. STANDARDS 

Federal Test Method 
Standard No. 101 



mL-STD-129 
MIL-STD-726 
MIL-STD-794 

MIL-STD-810 



National Aerospace 
Standard 850 

National Aerospace 
Standard 851 



Preservation, Packaging, and 
Packing Materials; Test Proce- 
dures 

Marking for Shipment and Storage 

Packaging Requirements Code 

Parts and Equipment, Procedures 
for Packaging and Packing of 

Environmental Test Methods for 
Aerospace and Ground Equipment 

General Packaging Standard 



General Packaging Standard Com- 
modity Index 



These NAS Standards are available from National Standards Asso- 
ciation, 1321 Fourteenth Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20005. 



2. SPECIFICATIONS 
UU-T-81 
l^L-P-116 
MIL-B-121 

MIL-B-131 

MIL- P- 9024 



Tags, Shipping, and Stock 

Preservation, Methods of 

Barrier Ivlaterial, Greaseproofed, 
Waterproofed, Flexible 

Barrier Material, Water, Vapor- 
proof, Flexible 

Packaging, Materials Handling and 
Transportability, Systena and Sys- 
tem Segments, General Specifica- 
tion for 



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MIL-V-l-SBll varnisn, vyeiucrjjruuixiig, xjicv-«,ix- 

cal, Ignition 

MlL-F-22191 Films, Transparent, Flexible, Heat 

Scalable, for Packaging Applica^ 
tions 

3. HANDBOOKS 

DSAM 4145.2, TM 38-230, NAVEXOS P938, AFP 71-1-6, MCO 
P4030.21 — Preservation, Packaging, and Packing of Military 
Supplies. 

DSAM 4145.3, TM 38-250, NAVWEPS 15-03-500, MCO P4030.19, 
AFM 71-4 -- Packaging and Handling of Dangerous Materials for 
Transportation by Military Aircraft. 

MIL,-HDBK-304 — Military Standardization Handbook, Package 
Cushioning Design 

4. NASA PUBLICATIONS 

NASA-MSFC MR1262 Manual, Design Criteria for Shock 

and Vibration (Transportation) 

NMI 6410,1 Packaging, Preservation, and 

Marking (Policy and Responsibili- 
ties) 

5. OTHER PUBLICATIONS 

Soley for the purpose of convenience, the following citations are 
provided to some of the regulations, classifications, and tariffs 
that maybe applicable. Other Federal, State, and local Government 
laws or regiilations may be applicable also. 

Code of Federal Regulations 

14 CFR Part 103 Department of Transportation 

46 CFR Parts 146-149 Hazardous Materials Regulations 

49 CFR Parts 170-189 

10 CFR Part 71 Atomic Energy Commission 

Radioactive Materials Regulations 

Copies of these regulations are available from the Superintendant 
of Docunaents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 
20402. 



c-2 



Uniform Freight Classification #11 (and revisions)- (Application for copies 
should be addressed to the National Motor Freight Traffic Association, Inc., 
J. D. Sherson, Tariff Publishing Officer, Room 1106, 2225 Riverside Plaza, 
Chicago, IL 60600.) 

BuUinger's Postal and Shippers' Guide for the United States and Canada- 
(Application for copies and supplements shotild be addressed to Bxillinger's 
Guides, Inc., P.O. Box 501, 63 Woodland Avenue, Westwood, NJ 07675.) 
Orders are rented on an annual basis. 

Official Air Transport Restricted Article Tariff #6-D (or revisions thereof)- 
(Application for copies should be addressed to Air Traffic Conference of 
America, 1000 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20036.) 

Tariff #25 - Departm.ent of Transportation Regulations for Transportation of 
hazardous articles by Motor, Rail, and Water including specifications for 
shipping containers (Motor Carriers, Explosives and Dangerous Tariff, 
R. M. Graziano's Agent, American Railroad Operation and Maintenance, 
Bureau of Explosives, American Railroad Building, Washington, DC 20036,) 

CG #108 - Coast Guard Rules and Regulations for Military Explosives and 
Hazardous Munitions (Application for copies shoxild be addressed to Com- 
mandant (CMC), U.S. Coast Guard, Washington, DC 20591.) 



c-3 

irU-i. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1973 0-509-238